Biofuels are made from biomass. That means that the CO2 in them has been absorbed from the air, and therefore when it’s released through burning, the net emission is zero. And as biomass grows again, CO2 is absorbed again. In European and North-American biofuels policies, CO2 emissions from cultivation, refining and transporting biofuels are taken into account when assessing the CO2 reductions achieved through the use of biofuels.
Advanced biofuels maintain a consistent product quality independent of the raw material used. Neste Oil is currently the world's only biofuel producer capable of refining high-quality renewable diesel from more than ten different feedstocks on an industrial scale. Currently used wastes and residues include animal fats not intended for human consumption as well as fatty acid distillates. In 2013, 100 % of the crude palm oil used by Neste was certified to be sustainably produced.
Research is currently underway on using microbial oil and algae oil to produce renewable diesel. A dedicated pilot plant has been built at Neste Oil's Porvoo refinery to study the opportunities offered by microbial oil; and the company is involved in a number of international research projects working on algae oil, in Australia and elsewhere.
Waste and residues account for more than half of the feedstock used to produce our renewable fuels today
All the renewable raw materials used for Neste Oil’s NExBTL diesel production are sustainably produced, traceable, and comply with the EU Renewable Energy Directive’s strict sustainability criteria.
Neste calls for EU rules that marry sustainability and innovation.
Sustainability of production raw materials has to be ensured but there should be incentives for industry to continuously develop new raw materials. Neste considers that the world's strictest sustainability criteria that are already enshrined in the EU's Renewable Energy Directive are quite adequate. Both crop-based and waste and residue raw materials can be produced sustainably, as long as these sustainably criteria are properly implemented and enforced.
The biggest additional impact to ensure sustainable use of raw materials would be to extend the existing sustainability criteria to other end-users of the same raw materials. This would also prevent the risk of so-called ILUC-emissions related to indirect land use change. In the meanwhile, capping the use of crop-based raw materials, while encouraging the use of waste and residues, is a simple and pragmatic way to prevent any further ILUC-emissions and generate more CO2-savings.